One of the keys to the success of your implant is healthy jawbone. When bone in the jaw has been lost, it may not have enough height and width to securely hold an implant. Diagnosing the health of your jawbone is an important step in planning for stable, secure implants and maintaining a beautiful smile.
CAUSES OF BONE LOSS
Bone in the jaw can be lost for a number of reasons.
These can include-
periodontal disease destroys the jawbone around the affected teeth.
development of a cyst or abscess creates a hole in the jawbone.
removal or accidental loss of teeth sometimes can injure jawbone.
missing teeth do not stimulate the jawbone through chewing, causing the jawbone to shrink.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
To determine whether your jaw has enough healthy bone to secure an implant, we do a thorough examination. First, we typically take x-rays, which can show us the height of the bone. In some cases, we may need additional, specialized x-rays, such as a CT (computerized tomography) scan, to provide more details about your jawbone and the location of nerves and blood vessels in the jaw.
Then we perform a visual exam to look at the shape of the jawbone, and we may use a periodontal probe to check the height of bone around any neighboring teeth. Sometimes, we may also find defects in the jawbone while we are performing implant surgery.
PERIODONTAL DISEASE DESTROYS BONE
When periodontal disease has destroyed the bone around your teeth, a bone grafting procedure can often be used to replace the missing bone.
Before we begin, prepare the replacement material, which may be your own bone, bone from another source, or artificial bone.
Once the area is numb, we make small incisions in the gum and lift it away from the tooth.
Next, we remove any plaque and bacteria from the root surface of the tooth.
Then, we place the grafting material into the areas where the bone has been destroyed.
Depending on the circumstances, additional treatments, such as special proteins or platelet-rich plasma may be applied to encourage bone growth and help your gums reattach to the tooth.
We may also place a special membrane over the graft to prevent unwanted tissue from growing into the graft site.
The last step is to reposition the gum and close the grafting site.
Over the next several months, the bone will heal around the tooth.
Bone replacement has several benefits. It can-
fill in areas of bone loss.
stimulate new bone growth.
stimulate soft tissue growth.
significantly reduce gum pockets.
Replacing bone is an important step in preserving your healthy and beautiful smile.